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How Often Does Child Sexual Abuse Get Reported?

Not nearly as often as it should. Most child abuse victims never report the crime or get help in coming to grips with this life-changing trauma. They move into adulthood with a broken heart and low self esteem. Much misbehavior and acting out can be traced to an incident which occurred which left the child feeling confused, betrayed and angry.

In an attempt to cope with the confusing reality of what has happened to them, many children develop survival skills or behaviors that will help them to cover up what they are really feeling.

Families, friends and society sometimes see and judge the problem behavior when it is actually a symptom of the internal pain which has never been addressed.

The number of reports is rising each year due to mandatory reporting laws, better public education and greater public awareness of the problem. Over the last 30 years many key developments in law enforcement have made it easier to deal with victims and their families with greater understanding, making it easier for them to come forward and ask for help.

In the Commonwealth Fund Survey of the Health of Adolescent Girls, they found that of sexually abused children in grades five through twelve, 48% of the boys and 29% of the girls had told no one about the abuseónot even a friend or sibling. If indeed, sexual abuse happens to one in four children, yet only 1.8 cases are reported per 1,000 children you have to wonder why.

The most common reasons given by victims for not reporting these crimes to authorities:

1. They feel no one will believe them, as the perpetrator has told them repeatedly.

2. They are so consumed with self-blame and shame that it happened to them.

3. A parent or another adult believes them, but doesnít want to involve outside parties. They feel it is a private matter and they will just keep the child away from the individual who was hurting them, so as not to disturb the family unit or community.

4. The child or the family is afraid of reprisal from the assailant.

There is always hope and assistance for recovery:

Even if your child or you made a decision to not report it at the time abuse happened, please check out the resources in back of my book: Caution Without Fear-Safeguarding Your Children From Sex Abuse and Finding Help if It Has Occurred. I have included almost 100 resources for help.

There are so many different methods and techniques to help you heal and gain greater understanding of what has happened to you or your child. No one deserves to suffer from painful memories.

Healing is possible no matter how long ago the abuse took place. There is help, guidance and tools available to assist both victims and perpetrators overcome painful pasts and look forward to a future full of hope and promise.

Every state has a child-protection agency that is responsible for investigating sexual-abuse complaints. Any incident, or suspected incident, should be reported to this agency and to the police. Go with the child and then refrain from talking about the incident in front of people who really donít need to know. When you report it to the police, ask for an officer trained in dealing with children and ask for a private place to discuss the situation. Children are usually a little bit more open with someone who does not remind them of the perpetrator. Stay with your child and support him/her as they answer questions.

What should a parent do:

Tell them again and again, that they are not at fault. Reiterate that it is the job of adults to protect children, not hurt them. Reassure them that you believe them and will support their efforts and those of the police in seeing this never happens to another child. Most offenders molest more than one child; especially in cases of incest.

Breaking the silence and reporting the perpetrator to the authorities or a trusted adult will protect other children. Be sure to tell your child it takes courage to speak out when things are wrong, and you are proud of them for stepping forward.


Resource box:
This article has been written by Judy H. Wright, a parent educator and PBS consultant. You will find a full listing of books, tele-classes, and workshops listed at www.ArtichokePress.com. You have permission to use the article providing full credit is given to author. She may be contacted
At 406-549-9813 or JudyWright@ArtichokePress.com

Healing From Childhood Abuse

In the 37 years that I have been counseling individuals, I have worked with many people who have suffered from severe physical, emotional, and/or sexual abuse in childhood. Many who have sought my help were suffering from fear and anxiety, depression, various addictions, relationship problems and sexual problems. Many of these people had no memory of their childhood and had no idea why there were so unhappy. Many had spent years in therapy yet had never remembered their abuse.

The reason they could not remember the traumatic events of their childhood is because the child or children within, who suffered the abuse, did not feel safe in revealing the abuse. These unconscious inner parts were protecting the person from reliving the horrible pain of the past. These inner children knew that the adult self did not have the strength to learn about and manage the information and the feelings.

In order to remember and heal traumatic events from the past that are affecting you today, you need to have a strong and loving Adult self who is capable of managing emotional pain. Without this loving inner Adult, you may get so flooded and overwhelmed with the feelings of traumatic memories that you cannot function.

The gentle, transformational Inner Bonding process that we teach is a process for developing this strong, loving Adult self. The loving Adult is the aspect of us that is connected with a powerful and loving Source of spiritual guidance ñ whatever this is for you. Learning and practicing the Inner Bonding process develops your ability to connect with your personal Source of spiritual guidance. It is your connection with your guidance that gives you the strength to manage the intensely painful feelings of childhood abuse.

Once the inner children who hold the memories feel safe that there is a loving Adult self who is capable of managing the feelings, you will start to remember your past. As these memories come up, you will begin to understand the conclusions you drew about yourself that are currently causing your pain. Almost all children who have been abused draw erroneous conclusions about themselves as a result of the abuse ñ false beliefs such as, ìIím not important.î ìI have no worth.î ìI am just an object for othersí use.î ìI am not lovable.î ìI should never have been born.î ìI would be better off dead.î ìI donít deserve love.î ìI am a bad person.î It is these beliefs that are causing your present pain.

Healing from childhood abuse is not just about remembering the past. It is about remembering the very good reasons you had for drawing the conclusions that are currently causing you such pain. It is about gently and lovingly acknowledging what happened that led to your present beliefs that are now limiting you. It is about learning how to access the truth from your spiritual source so that you can move out of lies that you are telling yourself that are causing your current pain.

Most of us learn to treat ourselves based on how we were treated and how our parents or caregivers treated themselves. When your parents abused you, they were also not taking loving care of themselves and were not role modeling loving self-care. As long as you treat yourself the way your parents or other caregivers treated you and themselves, you will suffer. Healing from childhood abuse is about developing your loving Adult self so that you can learn to treat your inner child or inner children the way you always wanted to be treated.

You CAN fully heal from childhood abuse, but only through learning to access and bring into your being the love, truth, wisdom and strength of your spiritual guidance. Through learning and practicing the Inner Bonding process, you will discover the incredibly beautiful and perfect essence within you ñ the part of you that was never damaged by the abuse. This is your true Self that will emerge as you heal the false beliefs of your wounded self. This is what will happen as you develop your loving Adult self through learning and practicing the Inner Bonding process.


Enough Is Enough: Divorce and Emotional Abuse

Men and women deal with a lot of abuse in the family. But unlike any form of domestic violence, emotional abuse is the

strongest yet the most subtle of all. It is too subtle that sometimes even the abused partner does not notice it. This kind

of abuse leaves no identifying physical evidence, yet leaves a lasting mark to the abused person’s self esteem.

Emotional Abuse
Emotional abuse may be described as subjecting a partner consistently to insult, embarrassment, scorn, shame or hurt.

Emotional abuse may manifest itself in many different forms: from something as simple as mocking a partner for their beliefs

or faith, or telling them nobody wants or likes them; to something as demeaning as telling a partner that heís worthless; to

the extent of threatening to hurt a partner or their family. People subjected to emotional abuse are constantly accused and

criticized, and often faulted for every little thing they do.

Domineering partners use emotional abuse to control, degrade, humiliate, or punish a partner to submission. This is

comparable to how prison guards manipulate prisoners of war being cooperative. They use isolation to cut off any form of

external support from friends and family, making victims dependent to the abusers. Abusers also use threats and intimidation

to force a partner to submission. Abusive partners use negative criticism to demean a partner about his appearance, actions,

and abilities.

Victims of emotional abuse often manifest the following symptoms:

.Social isolation
.Suicidal tendency
.Feeling of guilt and shame

Because partners are constantly exposed to ideas of being worthless, they start believing the lies over time and tend to

develop low self-esteem and eventually develop the symptoms mentioned above.

Abusive relationships usually cycle around 4 phases:

Phase 1, tension building. This is when the tension begins,communication starts falling apart,and the victim feels an

intense need to please or placate an abuser.

Phase 2, incident. This is when the actual verbal and emotional abuse happens. The abuser starts getting angry, blaming and

arguing with the victim. The abuser threatens and intimidates the victim.

Phase 3, reconciliation. This is when the abuser apologizes for what heís said and done. He passes the blame onto the

victim, denying any abuse heís done, or says that what he did wasnít that bad as the victim thinks it is.

Phase 4, calm. This is when the incident is forgotten. The relationship is at peace, and no abuse is being done to the


Resolving emotional abuse
In a relationship, both partners should learn to say when enough is enough. An abusive environment is never good for

both parties, especially for the children. Children who grew up in an abusive domestic environment tend to carry this

behaviour when he has his own family. As parents, it is necessary to work on resolving emotional abuse issues as early as

possible before it destroys the entire family. Of course it is natural for an emotionally abusive partner to decline to

undergo counseling, denying the fact the he is subjecting his partner to such abuse. However, for the good of everybody in

the family, certain steps must be taken to stop the abuse.

.Counseling. Both partners need to talk to a trusted therapist or counsellor to discuss the origin or the reason behind the

abusive behaviour.Counseling also helps regain trust, confidence, and self-esteem.

.Trial separation. Some time away from each other to understand the importance of each partner in the relationship is

sometimes helpful to make the abuser aware of his mistakes.

.Divorce. If an abusive partner refuses to acknowledge the fact that he is manipulating and taking advantage of his

partner,it is time to let go of the relationship and start life anew.

Love is supposed to help us grow, not trap us like a prisoner. If you feel like youíre being boxed in by an abusive partner,

speak up. It is never ok to let yourself be subjected to so much abuse. It is not advisable to immediately jump into a

divorce, try to work it out first. With the right help, you might still be able to rebuild a happy married life.

Cracked By Crack: The Side Effects of Cocaine Withdrawal and Abuse

Pure cocaine, along with the so-called ìpoor man’s cocaineî known as ìcrack,î is among the most widely abused substances in the world today. The pure cocaine in powder form is usually mistaken as fine sugar or baking soda. The street variant called crack is diluted and mixed with baking soda, allowing the street pushers to reap more profits. People who become addicted to both cocaine and ìcrackî are considered to be among the worst addicts that can be found in a rehab clinic mainly because of the intense physical and mental health damage that prolonged use can lead to. There is an extensive list of negative effects associated with long-term use of ìcrack.î Withdrawal from crack addiction is also very difficult in physiological and psychological terms.

Nasal passages, which are the primary pathways by which cocaine gets into an addict’s body, can also suffer severe damage due to prolonged abuse. However, the damage tends to manifest only after the drug has been removed and withdrawal has occurred. Among the possible side effects of the damage are runny noses, nasal congestion, and nose bleeding. These side effects are relatively minor and can easily be treated by using the appropriate medications and having good environment, especially at home. During cocaine withdrawal, nasal problems are likely going to be the least of a recovering addict’s worries.

Panic attacks similar to those developed by people with panic disorders are not uncommon to both addicts and recovering users. This is more pronounced once a person undergoes withdrawal because there is no longer the psychologically ìstabilizingî effect of the drug. Also, people undergoing withdrawal have become so used to having ìcrackî on hand that they are almost mentally incapacitated by being deprived of it. Insomnia is also a recognized side effect of being forcibly withdrawn from cocaine abuse. However, insomnia encountered during withdrawal has a shorter range of effect compared with regular cases of insomnia. Mild headaches and occasional periods of excessive fear and anxiety are also possible symptoms of prolonged abuse, though they are not considered common.

Muscle spasms are usually associated with the more violent cases of withdrawal. This is particularly common in those cases where the user has developed a dependency on the cocaine being in the system, such that the mind no longer believes the body can function without it. Muscle spasms are usually a minor indication of a worsening problem in cases such as this, since people who develop them tend to suffer more physically violent symptoms of drug withdrawal. These problems generally occur in the earlier stages of withdrawal, as the shock to the body being cut off from ìcrackî is still fresh. As the withdrawal sets in and the cleansing process is underway, the body slowly adjusts to a normal state and the likelihood of muscle spasms and convulsions decreases considerably.

Chronic pain in the chest and coughing have also been noted as possible symptoms. Some withdrawal patients report that the coughing can sometimes be accompanied by severe chest pains. Phlegm coughed up by these patients tend to be colored black and are generally not mixed with blood unless the patient has another respiratory condition. Coughing and phlegm of this sort also manifests in people that abuse marijuana or nicotine. This is generally alleviated by any number of over-the-counter cough medications or increased intake of water and other fluids.

Abuse Drug Treatment Program

Alternative programs that divert felony drug offenders to substance abuse treatment programs rather than prison terms could save the U.S. * Implementation-educate parents, staff, and students; sponsor drug-free activities; identify and refer substance abusers for treatment; establish peer support and followup systems. This paper examines factors associated with a lifetime history of substance abuse treatment among women with drug abuse or dependence.” B. Providing comprehensive substance abuse advice and education regarding options for intervention, drug treatment, and continuing care. JCAHO is the gold standard in accreditation for drug and substance abuse treatment facilities.

Our substance abuse treatment campus extends over a 40-acre manicured estate, providing a serene and healing drug rehab environment. The family education and drug information programs, family intervention treatment services, and substance abuse counseling treatment services of Seabrook House have been nationally recognized. Substance abuse treatment is a behavior modification therapy for those who use drugs or alcohol to the detriment of themselves and others. Also troubling is that this Cdouble stigma occurs among drug users who are addressing their addiction by attending a substance abuse treatment program. rural residency, and marital status, substance abuse treatment providers should also integrate the following recommendations specific to the alcohol/other drug treatment system. A comprehensive guide to the best drug rehabs, residential substance abuse treatment and detox centers for adults, adolescents, and troubled teens. Learn about symptoms of alcoholism, drug addiction, substance abuse and treatment centers.

Cirque Lodge is an exclusive substance abuse and drug rehab treatment center for alcohol and drug addiction. Juvenile drug courts were developed largely in response to high caseloads and inadequate access to substance abuse treatment. Delaware’s internationally-acclaimed, 3-step substance abuse treatment program is proven to be successful in rehabilitating drug offenders.

The level and length of treatment is dependent on the impact drug or alcohol abuse has had on the individual’s health and wellbeing. Provides online real-time, interactive audio- and video-based alcohol and drug abuse treatment. state alcohol and drug abuse treatment and prevention provider associations. This increase far outpaced the 12% increase in all people seeking treatment for drug or alcohol abuse during the same time period. Predicting response to alcohol and drug abuse treatments. Alcohol and drug abuse treatment (rehab), is a combination of education and behavioral therapy.

Residential alcohol and drug abuse treatment (aka inpatient) is where the individual resides full time in a facility. The length of stay in residential alcohol and drug abuse treatment will depend on a variety of factors. Alcohol and drug abuse treatment, also known as rehab, is the educational, therapeutic process of initiating recovery from drug and or alcohol abuse. Our goal is to provide the highest quality, cost effective drug and alcohol abuse treatment available. 254 Provides outpatient treatment and aftercare for individuals in the Ingham County jail who have a diagnosis of drug and or alcohol abuse. Usually for profit, BHOs administer the mental health, alcohol, and drug abuse treatment and prevention benefits in private or public health plans. with the authority and duty to establish and promulgate rules for licensure of alcohol and/or other drug abuse treatment programs in Arkansas.

The following web sites provide specific information on the most common drugs of abuse including their risks, health effects, treatment approaches, and prevention. First, there are separate bibliographies on the economics of drug abuse treatment and prevention services. Economic research on HIV/AIDS as it relates to treatment and prevention of drug use, abuse, and dependency continues as a high priority. Researchers are encouraged to develop rigorous designs for studies in the economics of drug abuse treatment and prevention services. PURPOSE This PA encourages research on the economics of drug abuse treatment and prevention services. This PA calls for studies to fill the gap in knowledge about the economics of drug abuse services for treatment and prevention. The provision of private and public health insurance for drug abuse treatment and prevention affects many participants in treatment and prevention service delivery systems.

Research to measure the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and cost-benefits of drug abuse prevention and treatment services. Most importantly, this insight has provided the nation with a strong scientific basis for drug abuse prevention and treatment efforts. The act dealt with prevention and treatment of drug abuse as well as control of drug traffic. An institutional analysis of HIV prevention efforts by the nation’s outpatient drug abuse treatment units.

Use this message board to talk about drug abuse, drug addiction, treatment, relapse, recovery, your experiences and your frustrations. Includes a list of commonly abused drugs, warning signs of addiction, and treatment advice. MYTH #13: People who continue to abuse drugs after treatment are hopeless.FACT: Drug addiction is a chronic disorder; occasional relapse does not mean failure. Treatment for drug abuse and addiction is delivered in many different settings, using a variety of behavioral and pharmacological approaches.

Aims: (1) Establish a national research network to test different integrated system-level drug abuse treatment models for the criminal justice-involved population. Research suggests more than 1.1 million teens needed treatment for a drug abuse problem in 2001, but only one in 10 received help. Other research suggests that family therapy is the treatment of choice with many adolescents who have drug abuse problems. Research indicates that more than 4 million women need treatment for drug abuse. She has been actively engaged in research on the criminal justice system and drug abuse treatment since 1975. Research indicates that for most patients, the threshold of significant improvement is reached at about 3 months in drug abuse treatment. http://www.abuse-substance-treatment.com

A New Definition Of Drug And Alcohol Addiction And Treatment – Substance Abuse Has No Societal Boundaries

An addict is not considered an addict just because he drinks and drugs too much, nor because his life spirals downwards because of drugs. These are just predictable symptoms of the progressive disease. Perhaps if we had a new definition for addiction, it would not be so difficult to accept that individuals may be suffering from a disease that will eventually destroy their lives.

We have all heard that addiction is a disease, but how do we truly feel about this issue? When you hear the word “addict”, do you think of a junkie, crack addict, prostitute, or a homeless person who begs for money on a street corner? When you here the word addict, do you think of a lowlife, who has unacceptable behaviors, and lower morals? Do you somehow believe that their life circumstance is their fault and that they could, “just say no?”

A successful CEO, attorney, doctor, or professional with a substance abuse problem, would not fall into the category of addict according to the stereotypical definition. Perhaps, this is one of the reasons why a professional with a drug problem, alcohol included, does not easily consider himself to be addicted and readily seek addiction treatment . Success in other venues tends to convince the professional that he can also handle this problem as well, especially when he compares himself to addicts who have bottomed out and not entered a drug rehab. If the addicted professional is still semi-functioning and has not yet lost their job, house or family, his denial system will still be relatively intact.

Perhaps if we had a new definition for addiction, it would not be so difficult to accept that individuals may be suffering from a disease that will eventually destroy their lives. According to the American Medical Association, in order for a illness to be classified as a disease, it must meet one of the following criteria. It must be either progressive, predictable or terminal. Addiction qualifies as a disease by meeting not just one, but all three criteria. An addict is not considered an addict just because he drinks and drugs too much, nor because his life spirals downwards because of drugs. These are just predictable symptoms of the progressive disease.

Everyone knows that there are blood and urine tests to determine if drugs or alcohol are present in the body. Few of us are aware that there is now a test which determines whether someone has the DNA for the addiction. There is a ìYî factor in the genetic coding of alcoholics and addicts. This genetic makeup determines how the body processes, and breaks down alcohol or drugs in the system. This ìYî factor distinguishes the addict from the drug abuser.

An addict born with the DNA coding, or Y factor, is similar to the person who is born with the predisposition for cancer, diabetes, or lupus. As with cancer, when certain favorable conditions exist the diseases will activate and progress. For those with the addictive gene, once addictive chemicals are introduced into the body, the disease activates. It does not matter whether the addictive drugs are prescribed by a doctor or bought illegally.

There are exceptions to this genetic predisposition guideline. While the children of addicts will almost certainly have the addictive gene, in some instances, it may skip a generation. However, some who do not have the genetic coding for addiction, will also become addicted. Why? Drugs like crack cocaine have been designed in laboratories to intentionally cross over this genetic line, and become instantly addictive. Have you ever heard of a social crack cocaine smoker? This drug causes someone to bottom out at a much faster pace.

Drugs change the brainís receptors sites. Enough drug usage can permanently alter the brain, and its ability to absorb vital nutrients. Our receptor sites are similar to loading docks in the brain, sending and receiving messages continually. These messages are sent through chemicals which are moved about though electrical surges. Not only do drugs alter the chemical balance in the brain, they eschew the pattern of energy pulses. But the most damaging effect of drug usage is permanent change in the cell walls, upon which other cells dock, much like how a key fits into a lock. If the lock is changed then the key wonít fit.

If you knew that you have the genetic coding for a disease, wouldnít you do everything in your power to keep the disease from activating before the need for a drug rehab program? If you understood that your disease was actively progressing, wouldnít you seek drug treatment? How can you help someone who does not yet realize that they need help? Family, friends, and co-workers are in a position to see the effects of drugs, long before the addicted has a clue.

Healing Groups for Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse

Shofar Coalition and Jewish Community Services are proud to present two 16-week healing groups for women survivors of childhood sexual abuse. Beginning in late October, 2008 these groups will meet in a private, confidential location in the Pikesville area.

Creating Balance and Wellness: Recovery Through Art

Tuesdays, 7:00 – 8:30 p.m.Through artwork and reflective writing participants can:

  • release emotions and regulate feelings
  • identify environmental stressors
  • build support networks
  • find a safe place for challenging memories
  • learn creative problem solving

No art skills needed! Art Therapy offers nonverbal creative expression that promotes a safe environment to explore the challenging issues of sexual abuse.

Facilitator: Peggy Kolodny, MA, CPC, ATR-BC, a board-certified art therapist with 27 years of experience working with survivors of sexual trauma.

To make a referral or to discuss participation and group fees, please call Peggy Kolodny at 410-292-4848.

From Survivor to Thriver: Building Coping Strategies

Thursdays, 5:30 – 7:00 p.m.Participants will discuss topics such as:

  • self-care
  • setting healthy boundaries
  • recognizing and dealing with triggers
  • relationships and trust
  • intimacy and sexuality
  • spirituality

Participants will shift their worldview from fear to confidence while expanding their coping strategies and learning how to value and care for themselves.

Facilitator: Chris Cronin, LCSW-C, a therapist with many years of experience addressing women’s issues and trauma.

To make a referral or to discuss participation and group fees, please call Chris Cronin at 410-843-7440